References

Adolescents
Ministry of Health. 1998. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Adolescents. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand
SPARC 2007. Physical activity guidelines for children and young people (ages 5-18).
Millennium Institute of Sport & Health & Nestle in partnership with the New Zealand Nutrition Foundation. 2008. Be Healthy Be Active.

Adults
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand

Alcohol
http://www.alac.org.nz/
Tasman-Jones C. Alcohol drinking guidelines. The New Zealand Medical Journal. 2005: 118; 1218.
Ministry of Health. 2006. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy pregnant and breastfeeding women: A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
NHRMC: Australian Alcohol Guidelines: Health Risks and Benefits http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines/publications/ds10

Antioxidants
 Bjelakovic G, Nikolova N, Gluud L, Simonetti R, Gluud C. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases. The Cochrane Library. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007176.pub2/abstract;jsessionid=9F2D147B3FE10BC19EB20721A37C347F.d03t04 - Accessed June 10, 2013.                                    DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007176.pub2
Goodman GE, Thornquist MD, Balmes J, Cullen MR, Meyskens FL Jr, Omenn GS, Valanis B, Williams JH Jr. The Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial; the incidence of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality during 6-year follow-up after stopping beta-carotene and retinol supplements.  J Nat Cancer Inst. 2004:96;1743-1750
World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington DC: AICR, 2007 

Aspartame
Magnuson, B.A., Burdock, G.A., et al. 2007. Aspartame: A safety evaluation based on current use levels, regulations, and toxicological and epidemiological studies. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 37:8, 629 – 727
Food Standards Australia New Zealand. 2003. Consumption of intense sweeteners in Australia and New Zealand – Roy Morgan Research Report, Canberra.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (NZFSA) Fact Sheet. Aspartame: http://www.foodstandards.govt.nz/consumer/additives/aspartame/Pages/default.aspx January 2013

B vitamins
Ministry of Health. Folate, folic acid and health. Wellington, New Zealand
http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/82f4780aa066f8d7cc2570bb006b5d4d/1efb268deda784d2cc256cbe00035ede/$FILE/PHIFolicpaper.pdf
Ministry of Health. 2006. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy pregnant and breastfeeding women: A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand
Strain JJ, Dowey L et al. B-vitamins, homocysteine metabolism and CVD. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2004; 63: 597-603
Duthie SJ, Narayanan S et al. Folate, DNA stability and colo-rectal neoplasia. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2004; 63: 571-578
EUFIC. What you need to know about folate. EUFIC Food Today. January 2006. http://www.eufic.org/
EUFIC. New foods for our lifestyles. EUFIC Food Today. January 2004. http://www.eufic.org/
Mann, K and Truswell, SY (editors). Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA; 2007
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health

Bisphenol A (BPA)
EFSA: Scientific Opinion on Bisphenol A: evaluation of a study investigating its neurodevelopmental toxicity, review of recent scientific literature on its toxicity and advice on the Danish risk assessment of Bisphenol A.
scoop.co.nz: Phasing out Bisphenol A in Baby Food
food navigator: France bans BPA in baby bottles –
food navigator: Denmark bans bisphenol A in food packaging for young children
CBC News: BPA declared toxic by Canada
All references accessed on 18/10/2010
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): Update on Bisphenol A for Use in Food Contact Applications: January 2010- (Updated March 30th 2012)

BMI
Ministry of Health, Clinical Trials Research Unit.  2009.  Clinical Guidelines for Weight Management in New Zealand Children and Young People.  Wellington: Ministry of Health.
World Health Organisation. Global database on Body Mass Index. BMI classification. http://apps.who.int/bmi/index.jsp?introPage=intro_3.html accessed June 10, 2013

Breads and Cereals
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2008/09 Adult Nutrition Survey.  Wellington, New Zealand

Caffeine
Food Standards Australia New Zealand. Fact sheet: Caffeine. http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/foodmatters/caffeine/index.cfm
New Zealand Food Safety Authority. Fact Sheet: Energy shots. http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/hot-topics/hot-topic-energy-shots.htm
Ministry of Health. 2006. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy pregnant and breastfeeding women: A background paper. Wellington., New Zealand
NZFSA Food labelling guide. http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/labelling-composition/publications/a-nz-food-standards-code/labelling-guide/labelling-guide0-all-nzfsa-v2-labelling-guide-web.pdf
Temple JL. Caffeine use in children: what we know, what we have left to learn, and why we should worry. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2009;33:793-806.
Nawrot P, Jordan S, Eastwood J, Rotstein J, Hugenholtz A, Feeley M. Effects of caffeine on human health. Food Addit Contam 2003;20:1-30.
Jahanfar S, Sharifah H. Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on foetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009:CD006965.
O'Brien MC, McCoy TP, Rhodes SD, Wagoner A, Wolfson M. Caffeinated cocktails: energy drinks consumption, high-risk drinking, and alcohol-related consequences among college students. Acad Emerg Med 2008;15:453-60.
Childs, E., & de Wit, H. (2006). Subjective, behavioral, and physiological effects of acute caffeine in light, nondependent caffeine users. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 185(4), 514-523.
New Zealand Food Safety Authority. Fact Sheet: Food safety in pregnancy. http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/consumers/low-immunity-child-pregnancy/pregnancy-food-safety/
Australian Institute of Sport. Fact Sheet: Caffeine. http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/supplement_fact_sheets/group_a_supplements/caffeine

Carbohydrates
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
EUFIC http://www.eufic.org/
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health

Children
Ministry of Health. 1997. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Children (aged 2-12 years): A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.

Cholesterol
New Zealand Heart Foundation http://www.nhf.org.nz/
Taku K, Umegaki K, Sato Y,et al. Soy isoflavones lower serum total and LDL cholesterol in humans: a meta-analysis of 11 randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2007; 85: 1148-56
Heart to Heart – A simple guide to lower cholesterol through diet and lifestyle. National Cholesterol Education Program New Zealand. 2007. http://www.ncepnz.co.nz/

Eggs
AECL nutrition analysis, October 2007. Egg Nutrition Council. Egg Nutrition Roundtable Report for Healthcare Professionals. May 2010.
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health
Australian Egg Industry http://www.eggs.org.au/
Egg Nutrition Council. Egg Nutrition Roundtable Report for Healthcare Professionals. May 2010. http://enc.org.au/workspace/files/Egg_report_Final.pdf
Millward DJ. Macronutrient intakes as determinants of dietary protein and amino acid adequacy. J Nutr 2004; 134: 1588S-1596S
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
National Heart Foundation of Australia, Position statement: Dietary fats and dietary sterols for cardiovascular health. 2009. Accessed at www.heartfoundation.org.au/Professional_Information/Lifestyle_Risk/Nutrition/Pages/default.aspx
New Zealand Cardiovascular Guidelines Handbook. 2009 Edition. (Appendix C, p79) http://www.nzgg.org.nz/guidelines/dsp_guideline_popup.cfm?guidelineCatID=3&guidelineID=154 Accessed 20/01/2011
National Heart Foundation: dietary cholesterol nutrition statement. M Seddon. March 1999. http://www.heartfoundation.org.nz/files/National%20Dietitian/Dietary%20Cholesterol_EggsMarch1999.pdf Accessed 20/1/2011
Natoli, Sharon, Markovic, Tania, Lim, David, Noakes, Manny and Kostner, Karam (2007) Unscrambling the research: Eggs, serum cholesterol and coronary heart disease. Nutrition and Dietetics, 64 2: 105-111.
Pratt S. Dietary prevention of age-related macular degeneration. J Am Optom Assoc 70, 39-47 1999
Ruxton CHS et al. The nutritional properties and health benefits of eggs. Nutrition and Food Science 2010; 40(3):263-279
Vander Wal JS et al. Short-term effect of eggs on satiety in overweight and obese subjects. J Am Coll Nutr. 2005;24(6): 510-515

Energy
European Food Information Council – http://www.eufic.org/
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand

Fats
Reuss R. Trans fatty acids in the New Zealand and Australian food supply. Food. Oct/Nov 200: 18-19.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand – Trans fatty acids fact sheet - May 2007. http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/
New Zealand Dietetic Association 2007 Clinical handbook – Eighth Edition.
European Food Information Council – http://www.eufic.org/
Lake R, Saunders D, Jones S. Level of Trans Fatty acids in the New Zealand food supply: Christchurch, NZ: Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd, Christchurch Science Centre; 2006.
World Health Organisation http://www.who.int/
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health

Fibre
Lakes District Health Board http://www.lakesdhb.govt.nz/
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.

Fluid
European Food Information Council – http://www.eufic.org/
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Mayo Clinic. Water: How much should you drink everyday? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283
Ministry of Health. Fact sheet: Drinking water in New Zealand. http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/environmental-health/drinking-water

Fluoride
Ministry of Health. Fact Sheet: Fluoridation in New Zealand. Water Fluoridation | HealthEd 
Lee M, Dennison P. Water fluoridation and dental caries in 5 and 12 year old children from Canterbury and Wellington. New Zealand Dental Journal. 2004; 100(1):10-15
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.

Food Additives
Food Standards Australia New Zealand. Identifying food additives. http://www.fsanz.govt.nz/

Food Allergies and Intolerance
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). Quantitative consumer survey on Allergen labelling: Benchmark 2003.http://www.foodstandards.govt.nz/publications/documents/combined_Allergy_Final%20Report_16Feb%20.pdf
Crespo J, Blanco, C, Contreras J,et al. Food allergy. A clinical and epidemiological study”. 1992. J Allergy Clin Immunol,1992; 89: 192.
Fomon S, Bell E. Energy. In Fomon S (Ed.) Nutrition of Normal Infants. St Louis: Mosby. 1993
Swain A, Soutter V, Loblay R. Food Allergy. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia. 1996; 20: 82-5.
Ministry of Health. 2008. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy infants and toddlers (aged 0-2) – A Background Paper (4th Edition) Wellington. New Zealand
Allergy New Zealand. Food Allergy http://www.allergy.org.nz/

Food Groups
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand

Food Labelling
Food Standard Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) Food labelling. http://www.foodstandards.govt.nz/consumer/labelling/Pages/default.aspx

Food Safety
Foodsmart: http://www.foodsmart.govt.nz/

Fruits and Vegetables
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
5+ a day: http://www.5aday.co.nz/
Horticulture New Zealand: http://www.vegetables.co.nz/

Gluten
Shepherd SJ, Gibson PR. Fructose malabsorption and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: guidelines for effective dietary management. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1631-9.
Gearry RB, Irving PM, Barrett JS, Nathan DM, Shepherd SJ, Gibson PR. Reduction of dietary poorly absorbed short chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) improves abdominal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease - a pilot study. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis. 2009;3(1):6-14.
Shepherd SJ, Parker FC, Muir JG, Gibson PR. Dietary Triggers of Abdominal Symptoms in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Randomized Placebo-Controlled Evidence. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 May 2.

Infants and Toddlers
Ministry of Health. 2008 Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Infants and Toddlers (aged 0-2). A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2005. Brochure: Eating for Healthy Babies and Toddlers. From birth to 2 years old. Wellington, New Zealand

Iodine
Skeaff SA, Thomson CD and Gibson RS. 2002. Mild iodine deficiency in a sample of New Zealand school children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56: 1169-75
Hooper L, Bartlett C, Davey Smith G et al. 2002. Systematic review of long term effects of advice to reduce dietary salt in adults. British Medical Journal 325: 628-36
Young L, Swinburn B. 2002. Impact of the Pick the Tick food information programme on the salt content of food in New Zealand. Health Promotion International 17:13-19
IFIC. http://www.ific.org/
Ministry of Health. 2003. Nutrition and the Burden of Disease: New Zealand 1997-2011. Wellington: Ministry of Health
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of HealthNHMRC Public Statement. Iodine Supplementation For Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women.January 2010.http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/new45_statement.pdf

Lean meat and alternatives
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 1999. NZ Food: NZ People: Key results of the 1997 National Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2003. NZ Food: NZ Children. Key results of the 2002 National Children’s Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand

Maintaining a healthy weight during childhood
Clinical Trials Research Unit, Synovate. 2010. A National Survey of Children and Young People's Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours in New Zealand: 2008/09 - Key Findings. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
Ministry of Health. 2003. NZ Food: NZ Children. Key results of the 2002 National Children’s Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand
Crouch P, O’Dea J, Battisti R. Child feeding practices and perceptions of childhood overweight and childhood obesity risk among mothers of preschool children. Nutrition and Dietetics. 2007; 64: 151-158
Whittaker R, et al. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine. 1997; 337: 869-73.
Wardle J. Parental influences on the children’s diet. Proc Nutr Soc. 1995; 54: 747-58
Campbell K, et al. Family food environment and dietary behaviours likely to promote fatness in 5-6 year old children. Int J Obes. 2006; 30: 1272-80.
Nicklas T et al. Family and child care influences on preschool children’s fruit, juice and vegetable consumption. Nutr Rev. 2001; 59: 224-35.
Videon T, Manning C. Influences on adolescent eating patterns: the importance of family meals. J Adolesc Health. 2003; 32: 365-73
Sport and Recreation New Zealand: New Zealand physical activity guidelines for children and young people aged 5-18 years. http://www.sparc.org.nz/getting-active/activity-guidelines
Feeding our Futures. http://www.feedingourfutures.org.nz/
Ministry of Health. 1997. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Children (aged 2-12 years): A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand

Milk and milk products
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
McDonalds Nutrition Calculator: http://www.mcdonalds.co.nz/
Ministry of Health. 1996. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for the 1997 National Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.

Physical Activity
Ministry of Health. Physical Activity. Accessed on 15 July 2013
http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/preventative-health-wellness/physical-activity

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Ministry of Health. 2006. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy pregnant and breastfeeding women: A background paper. Wellington., New Zealand
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Kumar P, Clark M. Clinical Medicine. 6th edition. Elsevier Saunders. 2005.
Food Science Australia. 2995. Fact sheet – The safety of microwave ovens. http://www.foodscience.csiro.au/
Ministry of Health. 2008. Brochure: Eating for healthy pregnant women. Wellington, New Zealand http://www.healthed.govt.nz/resources/eatingforhealthypregnantwomenngaka.aspx
NHMRC Public Statement. Iodine Supplementation For Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women. January 2010. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/new45_statement.pdf

Protein
Australian Institute of Sport. 2009. Protein.
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and nutrition guidelines for healthy adults. A background paper. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2006 (revised 2008). Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women: A background paper. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
Ministry of Health. 2012. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Children and Young People (Aged 2–18 years): A background paper (1st Ed). Wellington: Ministry of Health.
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.

Selenium
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health

Sodium
Bonita R, Beaglehold, R. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in older NZers: A report to the National Health Committee. Wellington, National Health Committee. 1998.
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.
Cappuccio, F. Dietary prevention of osteoporosis. Are we ignoring the evidence?” Am J Clin Nutr 1996. 63: 787-88.
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
Ministry of Health. 2003. Food and Nutrition Guidelines for healthy adults: A background paper. Wellington. Ministry of Health.
Stroke Foundation of New Zealand. www.saltwise.co.nz

Vegetarian Diets
Rajaram, S. The effect of vegetarian diet, plant foods, and phytochemicals on haemostasis and thrombosis. Am J Clin Nut 2003; 78(3): 552S-558S
Phillips, S. Vegetarian Nutrition. Nutrition Bulletin. 2002: 30 (2); 132-167.
Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003; 103(6): 748-765.
Mahan, L, Escott-Stump, S. Food, nutrition, and diet therapy. 10th Edition. Elsevier Science , 2000.
Ministry of Health. 1999. NZ Food: NZ People: Key results of the 1997 National Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. 2003. NZ Food: NZ Children. Key results of the 2002 National Children’s Nutrition Survey. Wellington, New Zealand
Ministry of Health. Eating for healthy vegetarians. http://www.healthed.govt.nz/resources/eatingforhealthyvegetarianstekaito.aspx
Athar N et al. 2006. The Concise New Zealand Composition Tables. 7th edition. Palmerston North: New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd; Wellington: Ministry of Health

Vitamin A
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
Ministry of Health. 2006 (revised 2008). Food and Nutrition Guidelines for Healthy Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women: A background paper. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.

Vitamin C
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.
Wardlaw, Gordon M. Wardlaw's Nutrition. 2013. McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Limited

Vitamin D
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Green T, Skeaff C. Does the vitamin D status of Australians and New Zealanders need improving and how do we do it? Nutrition and Dietetics. 2006; 63: 196 -198.
Shrapnel W, Truswell S. Vitamin D deficiency in Australia and New Zealand: What are the dietary options? Nutrition and Dietetics. 2006; 63: 206 – 212.
Rockell J et al. Season and ethnicity are determinants of serum 25-hydroxvitamin D concentrations in New Zealand children aged 5-14yr. 2005. American Society for Nutrition Journal of Nutrition. 2005; 135:2602-2608.
Rockell J, Skeaff C, Williams S, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations of New Zealanders aged 15 years and older. Osteoporosis International. 2006; 17: 1382-1389.
Australia and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society. 2005. Vitamin D and adult bone health in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement. http://www.anzbms.org.au/resources/policies/VitaminD_position_2005.pdf
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA

Vitamin E
Stampfer M, Hennekens C, Manson J, Colditz G, Rosner B, Willett W. Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women. N Engl J Med 1993;328:1444-9
Knekt P, Reunanen A, Jarvinen R, et al. Antioxidant vitamin intake and coronary mortality in a longitudinal population study. Am J Epidemiol 1994;139:1180-9.
The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study Investigators. Vitamin E supplementation and cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med 2000;342:154-60.
Bruno, R, Ramakrishnan, R, Montine, T, et al. Alpha-Tocopherol disappearance is faster in cigarette smokers and is inversely related to their ascorbic acid status. Am J Clin Nut 2005; 81:95-103
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.
Wardlaw, Gordon M. Wardlaw's Nutrition. 2013. McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Limited

Vitamin K
Ministry of Primary Industries Fact sheet: Vitamin K and Warfarin medication.http://www.foodsmart.govt.nz/whats-in-our-food/chemicals-nutrients-additives-toxins/vitamin-k/
Mann and Truswell, 2007 Essentials of Human Nutrition. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, USA
NHMRC. 2006. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand.
The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 9th Edition 2012. S Sivakumaran, S Martell, L Huffman, Palmerston North, New Zealand. The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited and Ministry of Health. 2012.